Harvesting Resilience: Safeguarding Pakistan's Food Future Amidst Climate Challenges

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Saira Habib


 As an integral part of Pakistan's agrarian economy, the agricultural
sector is vital to the country's overall economic health. The country's
strategic position and reliance on natural resources make it extremely
susceptible to the negative consequences of climate change. Punjab
Province produces over 80% of Pakistan's wheat and has over 90% of
its farmers grow wheat. Researchers used to focus on average
temperature and rainfall in the study area. However, this study
incorporated new variables including CO2's direct impact on crop
growth, average temperature, and urbanization. This study examined
how climate change affects Pakistani food security using 1990–2021
time-series data. The primary objective of this study is to shed light on
the interconnected nature of climate change and Pakistan's agricultural
sector for the benefit of scholars, policymakers, and those with an
interest in the subject. To evaluate the long-term and short-term
connections between climate change and agricultural productivity, this
study uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model, which
takes into consideration non-stationarity and endogeneity. Data The
study's results point to climate change having a major negative effect
on Pakistan's agricultural output. According to the extended analysis,
the agricultural industry is seeing a continuous decrease because of
climate change. The results highlight how critical it is to act quickly to
help the agriculture industry adapt to and lessen the impact of climate
change. Agricultural initiatives for climate resilience include research
on heat-tolerant crop varieties, water management, sustainable farming,
renewable energy adoption, carbon pricing, economic diversification,
climate-resilient agriculture, improved irrigation systems, trade access,
and rural development support.

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